Having already been caught out by the ASP.NET deadlock issue when using async code synchronously I did a lot of reading on the subject, from various sources and ended up compiling a list of rules/conventions to follow when dealing with async code. This is by no means a gospel list and I don't elaborate on why each guideline exists, but it's just a concise set of reminders of things to consider when writing async code, since the compiler will not pick up warnings for a lot of these things. The list is shared below: General approach: In general, start off by making the interface return Task<> .. update the classes to return Task, then look to see if anything inside the function is truly async. If yes - mark the function async and use await (unless you can pass through).. if No, then just return a Task.FromResult to satisfy the interface.. Don't use async/await inside of a parallel loop. You can block here since its already async and on another thread, or change to tasks. If you *need* to convert to synchronous (such as for passing a value factory) then use Task.Run to encapsulate the blocking call, so that its on another thread with a different context and use .GetAwaiter().GetResult() to unwrap exceptions. I have uploaded some examples to GitHub: https://github.com/craigwardman/AsyncExamples